History of Biu Local Government Area, Borno State

History of Biu Local Government Area, Borno State

The name “Biu” was initially called Viu, which means “high” in the Babur and Bura languages.

The Biu kingdom was established around 1670 during the reign of Mari Watila Tampta.

Nestled in the heart of Borno State, Nigeria, lies the enchanting Biu Local Government Area, a place steeped in history and cultural heritage. From its humble beginnings to its present-day significance, Biu has evolved into a vibrant community that serves as a beacon of tradition and resilience. Join us as we embark on a journey through time to explore the captivating history of this remarkable region.

Origins and Early Settlements:

The history of Biu dates back centuries, with evidence of early human settlements dating as far back as the prehistoric era. The region's fertile land and strategic location made it an attractive destination for various indigenous tribes and ethnic groups. Over time, these communities thrived, establishing their unique cultures and traditions while coexisting harmoniously with one another.

Formation and Growth:

Biu Local Government Area was officially established in 1976 during the local government reforms in Nigeria. Since its inception, the area has experienced significant growth and development, both economically and socially. With a diverse population comprising people from different backgrounds and ethnicities, Biu has become a melting pot of cultures, fostering unity and tolerance among its residents.

Cultural Heritage:

One of the most captivating aspects of Biu is its rich cultural heritage, which is evident in its festivals, art, music, and cuisine. The indigenous tribes, such as the Babur, Bura, and Marghi, have preserved their ancestral customs and traditions, passing them down from generation to generation. Visitors to Biu are often enthralled by the vibrant festivities and colorful celebrations that showcase the area's cultural diversity.

Historical Landmarks:

Biu boasts a plethora of historical landmarks that bear testament to its storied past. From ancient ruins to colonial-era buildings, each site offers a glimpse into the region's history and heritage. Notable landmarks include the Kumshe Museum, which houses artifacts and relics from Biu's past, and the majestic Emir's Palace, a symbol of the area's traditional leadership and authority.

  • Rulers
  • 1.1535-1580 Yamta-ra-Wala
  • 2. 1580 Mari Vira Hyel
  • 3. Dira Wala
  • 4. Yamta Amba
  • 5. c. 1670 Yamta Kupaya Wadi
  • 6. c. 1670 Mari Watila
  • 7. Yamta ra Bangye
  •  8. Mari Luku
  • 9. Jakwa Birtitik
  • 10. Thlama Bahara
  • 11. Tayar Warinki
  • 12. c. 1740 Dakwai
  • 13. c. 1740-c. 1750 Mari Kopchi aka Mari Kwabchi
  • 14 c. 1750-c. 1760 Di Forma dan Mari Kopchi son of Mari Kopchi
  • 15. c. 1760-c. 1770 Garga Moda dan Mari Kopchi brother of Di Forma
  • 16. c. 1770-c. 1780 Dawi Moda (Di Moda dan Di Forma) son of Di Forma
  • 17. c. 1780-c. 1783 Di Biya dan Di Moda son of Dawi Moda
  • 18. c. 1783-1783 Di Rawa dan Di Biya son of Di Biya
  • 19. 1783-1793 Garga Kopchi dan Di Biya (d. 1793) brother of Di Rawa
  • 20. 1793-1838 Mari Watirwa dan Di Rawa (d. 1838) son of Di Rawa
  • 21. 1838-1873 Ari Paskur dan Mari Watirwa (d. 1873) son of Mari Watirwa
  • 22. 1873-1891 Mari Biya dan Ari Paskur (d. 1891) son of Ari Paskur
  • 23. 1891-1908 Garga Kwomting dan Mari Biya (d. 1908) son of Mari Biya
  • 24. 1908-1920 Ari I Dogo dan Garga Kwomting (b. 1876 - d. 1935
  • 25. 1920-1935 Ari I Dogo dan Garga Kwomting (see above)
  • 26. 1935-1951 Ari II Gurgur dan Garga Kwomting (d. 1951) brother of Ari I
  • 27. 1951-1959 Muhammad `Aliyu dan Ari Dogo (b. 1907) son of Ari I
  • 28. 1959-1989 Maidalla Mustafa dan Muhammad Aliyu (b. 1915) son of Muhammad `Aliyu
  • 29. June 1989-14 September 2020 Mai Umar Mustapha Aliyu son of Maidalla Mustafa
  • 30. 21 September 2020-Incumbent Maidala Mustapha Umar Aliyu II


1. Buratai Ward

2. Dadin kowa Ward

3. Dugja ward

4. Galdimare kenken Ward

5. Garubula ward

6. Gur Ward

7. Mandaragirau Ward

8. Miringa Ward

9. Sulumthla Ward

10. Yawi Ward

11. Zarawuyaku Ward



Biu stadium

Biu Dam

Challenges and Resilience:

Like many regions in Nigeria, Biu has faced its share of challenges, including socioeconomic disparities, security concerns, and environmental issues. However, despite these obstacles, the people of Biu have shown remarkable resilience and determination to overcome adversity. Through community initiatives and government intervention, efforts are underway to address these challenges and pave the way for a brighter future for Biu and its inhabitants.

Looking Ahead:

As Biu continues to evolve and grow, it remains steadfast in preserving its cultural identity and heritage while embracing modernity and progress. With its rich history, diverse population, and natural beauty, Biu Local Government Area is poised to emerge as a key player in the socio-economic development of Borno State and Nigeria as a whole.

In conclusion, the history of Biu Local Government Area is a testament to the resilience, diversity, and spirit of its people. From its ancient origins to its present-day prominence, Biu continues to captivate and inspire all who have the privilege of experiencing its charm. As we celebrate its past and look towards the future, let us cherish the legacy of Biu and strive to ensure that its story endures for generations to come.

Post a Comment

Previous Post Next Post