In His farewell discourses, Jesus Christ repeatedly promised to send His Apostles the Holy Spirit, for example in John 15: 26: “But when the Helper comes, whom I shall send to you from the Father, the Spirit of truth who proceeds from the Father, He will testify of Me.” This promise was fulfilled on Pentecost when the Apostles and disciples were filled with the Holy Spirit (Acts 2: 1-4).
God acted directly in both of these fundamental events, and this symbolically prefigures the sacrament of Holy Sealing: He sealed Jesus with the Holy Spirit and testified that He was the Son of God. He sealed the Apostles–and the believers who had fellowship with them–with the Holy Spirit.
After the Pentecost sermon, when those who had come to believe in Christ asked him what they should do, Peter answered: “Repent, and let every one of you be baptised in the name of Jesus Christ for the remission of sins; and you shall receive the gift of the Holy Spirit” (Acts 2: 38). This shows that Holy Baptism is a prerequisite for receiving the Holy Spirit.
The centurion Cornelius was an exception: here God gave the gift of the Holy Spirit directly to non-baptised souls in order to show Apostle Peter that salvation was now also accessible to the Gentiles. Therefore, in this special case, Holy Baptism was only administered after the dispensation of the Holy Spirit (Acts 10).
It happened this way: Simon Peter, Thomas (also known as Didymus Nathanael from Cana in Galilee, the sons of Zebedee, and two other disciples were together. “I’m going out to fish,” Simon Peter told them, and they said, “We’ll go with you.” So they went out and got into the boat, but that night they caught nothing. Early in the morning, Jesus stood on the shore, but the disciples did not realize that it was Jesus. He called out to them, “Friends, haven’t you any fish?” “No,” they answered. He said, “Throw your net on the right side of the boat and you will find some.” When they did, they were unable to haul the net in because of the large number of fish. Then the disciple whom Jesus loved said to Peter, “It is the Lord!” As soon as Simon Peter heard him say, “It is the Lord,” he wrapped his outer garment around him (for he had taken it off) and jumped into the water. The other disciples followed in the boat, towing the net full of fish, for they were not far from shore, about a hundred yards. When they landed, they saw a fire of burning coals there with fish on it, and some bread. Jesus said to them, “Bring some of the fish you have just caught.” So Simon Peter climbed back into the boat and dragged the net ashore. It was full of large fish, but even with so many the net was not torn. Jesus said to them, “Come and have breakfast.” None of the disciples dared ask him, “Who are you?” They knew it was the Lord. Jesus came, took the bread and gave it to them, and did the same with the fish. This was now the third time Jesus appeared to his disciples after he was raised from the dead.
(i) Selflessness and sacrifice: Disciples always put others first and in many ways put other’s needs before their own.
(ii) Humility and modesty : To be humble is to be a disciple of the Lord, because the Lord Himself was truly humble. He humbled Himself to everyone and yet He was God. Christ’s disciples are also modest, not just in appearance but also in the way that they act.
(iii) Dedicated to following Christ and the Commandments: A disciple is committed to the Lord and eager to follow His Word and act in ways that are pleasing to Him.
*THE GOLDEN CALF*
Moses went to the top of the mountain to receive the tablets containing the ten commandments. The people waited long for him . When he delayed in coming, they therefore turned to Aaron and asked him to make for them gods that would go before them as they do not know what has become of Moses. Aaron obliged asking women for their earrings which he fashioned it with a graving tool and made a molten calf. He then told them. “These are your gods that brought you out of the land of Egypt”.
The feast was celebrated with burnt and peace offering. They danced and practice sexual immorality. God’s anger burnt against the people of Israel. He wanted to destroy them and make a nation out of Moses. Moses pleaded for the Israelites and reminded God of the promise He had made to their ancestors, to create a nation out of them and give them the promised land.
God therefore changed his mind and did not destroy them. As the feast continued, Moses and Joshua came down from the mountain with the two tablets containing the ten commandments. Joshua heard the noise and thought it was the noise of war. Then Moses confirmed it to be sound of singing. They saw the people dancing round the calf. Moses was angry, he threw the tablets out of his hands and broke them at the foot of the mountain and he took the calf which they had made and burnt it with fire, and ground it to powder and scattered it upon the water and made the people of Israel drink it.
Moses denounced the people pray to God on their behalf for forgiveness.
However, God agreed to pardon them but insisted to punishing the ringleaders and bringing plagues upon the Israelites.
(1) *Jibril:* To deliver the Divine Revelations from Allah (Subhanahu wa Ta’ala) to His chosen Messengers from among the prophets (alayhum salam).
(2) *Mikail:* To manage man’s mundane necessities, bring forth rain and oversee the cultivation of crops.
(3) *Israfil:* To blow the Trumpet: once, for the destruction of the universe; and again, for the Resurrection of all accountable beings to face Judgment Day.
(4) *Izrail:* Angel of Death, the most fearsome of them all, who does not delay nor expedite the hour of claiming the soul.
(5) *Maalik:* Guardian of Jahannum (Hell-fire), an unwelcome sight, for the unfortunate and wretched dwellers of the eternal fire.
(6) *Ridwan:* Guardian of Paradise, who welcomes the Prophets (alayhum salam) and the righteous who have been blessed by Allah (Subhanahu wa Ta’ala).
(7) *Munkar:* To question the dead on issues relating to his/her God, prophet Salla Allahu ta’ala ‘alayhi wa Sallam, religion, belief, deeds, etc. Questioning in the grave.
(8) *Nakir:* To question the dead on issues relating to his/her God, prophet Salla Allahu ta’ala ‘alayhi wa Sallam, religion, belief, deeds, etc.
(9) *Raqib:* Sits on man’s right shoulder to record his/her good deeds.
(10) *Atid:* Sits on man’s left shoulder to record his/her evil deeds.
(i) He advised them to have a cordial relationship with the authorities to maintain orderliness
(ii) He told them play exhibit the attribute of a servanthood in working under the directives of the authorities
(iii) They should be respectful to the authorities
(iv) They be very submissive to the authority without pride
(v) They should very Obedient to the authorities
(vi) They should be show kindness to those in authority
(vii) They shouls at all time be honest and sincere to the authority
(i) Alms giving